Guinea-Bissau country profile
What is the Capital of Guinea-Bissau? - MapUniversal. The city of Bissau is the capital of Guinea-Bissau. Bissau is the country’s largest city, main port, administration and military center.
Once hailed as a potential model for African development, the country is what is the capital of guinea bissau one of the poorest in the world. The vital cashew nut crop provides a modest living for most of Guinea-Bissau's farmers, and is the main gulnea of foreign exchange. But today the nation has a massive foreign debt and an economy that relies heavily on foreign aid. It has become transhipment point for Latin American drugs. At the end of the s the country experienced a conflict which drew in Guinea, Nigeria, Senegal, and France and ended with the president going into exile.
Major languages Portuguese, Crioulo - a form of Portuguese, How to remove stuck battery in mini maglite languages. This reflected the continuing instability of state institutions in a country that has seen nine coups or attempted coups sinceand the resistance of the long-governing PAIGC party to the victory of an opposition candidate.
His predecessor, Jose Mario Vaz, was the first elected leader since the army mutinied in and plunged the country - already plagued by corruption and cocaine trafficking - into chaos, and the first to complete his term without being overthrown. But it says journalists face harassment. Private radio stations operate alongside the state broadcaster.
A government newspaper publishes alongside non-state titles. Guinea-Bissau becomes a separate colony in the Portuguese Empire in The overthrow is the first of many political coups that undermine the country's stability over the next four decades.
EU announces it is ending mission to reform Guinea Bissau's security forces, saying lack of respect for rule of law is making this an impossible task. Several what is the capital of guinea bissau later, thousands take to the streets to whah the resignation of Prime Minister Qhat Gomes Junior for his failure to curb rising food prices.
UN news about Guinea-Bissau. UN peacebuilding mission in Guinea-Bissau. Read full media profile. Some key date in Guinea-Bissau's history:. Read full timeline. Related Topics. Related Internet Links.
Bissau, port city and capital of Guinea-Bissau. It originated in as a Portuguese fortified post and slave-trading centre. Jun 12, · Capital of Guinea The capital city of Guinea is Bissau (Republic of Guinea-Bissau). Country of West Africa, and one of the smallest of continental Africa. It borders Senegal to the North, Guinea to the South and East, and the Atlantic Ocean to the West. The Capital City of Guinea-Bissau (officially named Republic of Guinea-Bissau) is the city of Bissau. The population of Bissau in the year was , Guinea-Bissau, formerly known as Portuguese Guinea, is a Portuguese speaking country on the coasts of the Atlantic Ocean.
Guinea-Bissau , country of western Africa. Situated on the Atlantic coast, the predominantly low-lying country is slightly hilly farther inland. In the 15th and early 16th centuries the Portuguese commanded the entire western coast of Africa.
Gradually their monopoly gave way to incursions by French, Dutch, English, and other European powers. The French pressured both the northern and southern borders of what is now Guinea-Bissau and placed the Casamance region of southern Senegal fully under French rule after the late 19th century.
The English rivaled Portuguese authority on the coast, particularly at Bolama ; a long-running dispute between the two powers resulted with Guinea-Bissau under Portuguese rule. Guinea-Bissau is bounded by Senegal to the north, Guinea to the east and south, and the Atlantic Ocean to the west. Almost all of Guinea-Bissau is low-lying and bathed daily by tidal waters that reach as far as 62 miles km inland.
In the southeastern part of the country, the Fouta Djallon plateau rises approximately feet metres. The coastal area is demarcated by a dense network of drowned valleys called rias.
The uniform elevation of the mature floodplain allows rivers to meander and renders the area susceptible to flooding during the rainy season. Some eastern portions of Guinea-Bissau form a part of the upper basin of the Gambia River system. Arable land that fell out of use was subject to soil erosion, and, with the destruction of protective riverine dikes, the arability of some soils was compromised by excessive salination.
Guinea-Bissau has a generally tropical climate influenced by the intertropical convergence zone ITCZ , a belt of converging trade winds that circles the Earth near the Equator. There are two pronounced seasons: the hot, rainy season, which usually lasts from June to November, and the hot, dry season. April and May are the hottest months, and temperatures can reach the high 90s F mids C.
Precipitation does not vary greatly by elevation in Guinea-Bissau, although it does vary between coastal and inland areas; the coast receives some 60 to inches 1, to 3, mm of precipitation, whereas the interior is influenced by the tropical savanna climate, with greater variation in precipitation and temperature. Aquatic and riverine birds such as flamingos and pelicans are especially numerous in the coastal swamps, which are also inhabited by a variety of reptiles such as snakes, crocodiles, and sea turtles, the latter of which are endangered.
In the plains and forests, lizards, gazelles, antelopes, monkeys and apes, parrots, hyenas, and leopards abound. Although there was once a substantial elephant population, it has since been virtually eliminated.
Many wild animals are hunted for their meat and hides. During the colonial period the European population consisted mainly of Portuguese but also included some Lebanese, Italian, French, and English groups, as well as members of other nationalities.
Notably, there was never a substantial settler population in Guinea-Bissau, as there was in other Portuguese colonies. Among the African languages spoken in Guinea-Bissau, some 20 languages and dialects classified in the Atlantic and Mande branches of Niger-Congo languages predominate.
About two-fifths of the population is Muslim. Among Christians, who make up about one-fifth of the population, Roman Catholicism predominates. About one-sixth of the population practices traditional beliefs, which include ancestor worship, possession, and animism and are especially prevalent along the coast and in the central regions.
The population is sparse on the low-lying lands of the coast and in the savanna regions. From to , during the armed struggle for independence, about one-third of the rural population fled to neighbouring countries for refuge. Those who remained tried to restructure their lives in liberated zones, while the colonial military imposed a system of aldeamentos , concentrated settlements designed to isolate the population from the nationalist forces.
Although migration to urban centres such as Bissau, Cacheu, and Bolama had generally been increasing since independence, much of the urban population fled during the fighting that erupted in the late s. About half of the population is rural. Population growth in Guinea-Bissau is lower than that of the rest of the African continent. Life expectancy for both men and women is well below the African average and substantially lower than the world average, and infant mortality is high.
The population of Guinea-Bissau is, on the whole, very young: about two-fifths of the population is under age 15 and about two-thirds under Guinea-Bissau does not have a significant expatriate population living outside the country, except those in the neighbouring countries of Guinea and Senegal.
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