Peptic Ulcer Disease
Oct 14, · What are peptic ulcers? Peptic ulcers are sores that develop in the lining of the stomach, lower esophagus, or small intestine. They’re usually formed as a result of inflammation caused by the Author: Valencia Higuera. Peptic ulcer disease, also referred to as stomach or duodenal ulcers, is usually caused by bacteria or the overuse of common pain relievers.
A dull or burning pain in your stomach is the most common symptom of a peptic ulcer. You may what is a peptic ulcer caused by the pain anywhere between your belly button and breastbone. The pain most often. Even if your symptoms are mild, you may have a peptic ulcer. You should see your doctor to talk about your symptoms.
Without treatment, your peptic ulcer can get worse. Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs reduce pain, fever, and inflammation, or swelling. NSAIDs work by blocking or reducing the amount of these enzymes that your body makes. However, one of whta enzymes also produces another type of chemical that ulxer the stomach lining from stomach acid and helps control bleeding.
When NSAIDs block or reduce the amount of this enzyme in your body, they also increase your chance of developing a peptic ulcer. Once H. Together, what is a peptic ulcer caused by stomach acid and H.
Zollinger-Ellison causdd is a rare disorder that happens when one or more tumors form in your pancreas and duodenum. The tumors release large amounts of gastrin, a hormone that causes your stomach to produce large amounts of acid.
Whah extra acid causes peptic ulcers to form in your duodenum and in iis upper intestine. The What does the hiv virus do to your body translates and disseminates research findings to increase knowledge and understanding about health and disease among patients, health professionals, and the public. What causes a peptic ulcer? How do H. How do tumors from ZES cause peptic ulcers?
When should you call or see a doctor? What are the symptoms of what was the name of the first supercontinent peptic ulcer? The pain most often happens czused your stomach is empty—such as between meals or during the night stops briefly if you eat or if you take antacids lasts for minutes to hours comes and goes for several days, weeks, or months Less common symptoms may include bloating burping feeling sick to your stomach poor appetite vomiting weight loss Even if your symptoms are mild, you may have a peptic ulcer.
A dull or burning pain in your stomach is the most common symptom of peptic ulcers. Causes of peptic ulcers include long-term use of nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs NSAIDssuch as aspirin cauwed ibuprofen an infection with the bacteria Helicobacter pylori H.
Call your doctor if the pain gets worse.
What causes a peptic ulcer?
A rare cause of peptic ulcer is a condition called Zollinger-Ellison syndrome, in which stomach acid is produced in higher-than-normal amounts. Peptic ulcers often run in families and occur more often in people with type O blood.
Peptic ulcer disease is a condition in which painful sores or ulcers develop in the lining of the stomach or the first part of the small intestine the duodenum. Normally, a thick layer of mucus protects the stomach lining from the effect of its digestive juices.
But many things can reduce this protective layer, allowing stomach acid to damage the tissue. People used to think that stress or certain foods could cause ulcers. Instead, studies have revealed two main causes of ulcers:. Researchers believe people can transmit H. The H. This breakdown is a problem because your stomach contains strong acid intended to digest food. Without the mucus layer to protect it, the acid can eat into stomach tissue.
However, for most people the presence of H. Another major cause of peptic ulcer disease is the use of NSAIDs, a group of medications used to relieve pain. These medications have the potential to cause peptic ulcers to form:.
People who have H. Peptic ulcer disease can also occur if you have a rare condition called Zollinger-Ellison syndrome gastrinoma. This condition forms a tumor of acid-producing cells in the digestive tract.
These tumors can be cancerous or noncancerous. The cells produce excessive amounts of acid that damages stomach tissue. In the past, you might have heard that people with ulcers should eat a bland diet. Your healthcare provider may be able to make the diagnosis just by talking with you about your symptoms.
If you have severe symptoms, your provider may recommend an upper endoscopy to determine if you have an ulcer. In this procedure, the doctor inserts an endoscope a small, lighted tube with a tiny camera through your throat and into your stomach to look for abnormalities.
Tests for H. A breath test is the easiest way to discover H. Your provider can also look for it with a blood or stool test, or by taking a sample during an upper endoscopy. Less frequently, imaging tests such as X-rays and CT scans are used to detect ulcers. You have to drink a specific liquid that coats the digestive tract and makes ulcers more visible to the imaging machines. Though ulcers can sometimes heal on their own, you shouldn't ignore the warning signs.
Without the right treatment, ulcers can lead to serious health problems, including:. If your ulcer is bleeding, your doctor may treat it during an endoscopy procedure by injecting medications into it. Your doctor could also use a clamp or cauterization burning tissue to seal it off and stop the bleeding. For most people, treatment that targets the underlying cause usually H. Ulcers can reoccur, though, especially if H. Milk may temporarily soothe ulcer pain because it coats the stomach lining.
But milk also causes your stomach to produce more acid and digestive juices, which can make ulcers worse. Antacids temporarily relieve ulcer symptoms. However, they can interfere with the effectiveness of prescribed medications. Check with your doctor to find out if antacids are safe to take while undergoing treatment. No foods have been proven to negatively or positively impact ulcers.
However, eating a nutritious diet and getting enough exercise and sleep is good for your overall health. Most of time, bacteria causes them.
Doctors can treat the bacteria with antibiotics and other medications. Treatment can heal an ulcer in a matter of weeks.
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Peptic Ulcer Disease Peptic ulcer disease occurs when open sores, or ulcers, form in the stomach or first part of the small intestine. Many cases of peptic ulcer disease develop because a bacterial infection eats away the protective lining of the digestive system. People who frequently take pain relievers are more likely to develop ulcers. Appointments Who is more likely to get ulcers? One in 10 people develops an ulcer. A family history of ulcers.
Illness such as liver, kidney or lung disease. Regularly drinking alcohol. Symptoms and Causes What causes ulcers? Instead, studies have revealed two main causes of ulcers: Helicobacter pylori H. Pain relievers Another major cause of peptic ulcer disease is the use of NSAIDs, a group of medications used to relieve pain. These medications have the potential to cause peptic ulcers to form: Aspirin even those with a special coating. Are 70 years or older. Are female. Use corticosteroids drugs your doctor might prescribe for asthma, arthritis or lupus at the same time as taking NSAIDs.
Have a history of ulcer disease. Rare causes Infrequently, other situations cause peptic ulcer disease. People may develop ulcers after: Being seriously ill from various infections or diseases.
Having surgery. Taking other medications, such as steroids. Can coffee and spicy foods cause ulcers? What are some ulcer symptoms? But signs of an ulcer can include: Gnawing or burning pain in your middle or upper stomach between meals or at night. Pain that temporarily disappears if you eat something or take an antacid.
Nausea or vomiting. In severe cases, symptoms can include: Dark or black stool due to bleeding. Weight loss. Severe pain in your mid- to upper abdomen. Diagnosis and Tests How are ulcers diagnosed? Pylori tests Tests for H. Imaging tests Less frequently, imaging tests such as X-rays and CT scans are used to detect ulcers. Management and Treatment Will ulcers heal on their own?
Without the right treatment, ulcers can lead to serious health problems, including: Bleeding. Perforation a hole through the wall of the stomach. Gastric outlet obstruction from swelling or scarring that blocks the passageway from the stomach to the small intestine. What ulcer treatments are available? For most people, doctors treat ulcers with medications, including: Proton pump inhibitors PPI : These drugs reduce acid, which allows the ulcer to heal.
Antibiotics: These medications kill bacteria. Doctors use them to treat H. Protective medications: Like a liquid bandage, these medications cover the ulcer in a protective layer to prevent further damage from digestive acids and enzymes.
Prevention How can I prevent ulcers? You may be able to prevent ulcers from forming if you: Talk to your doctor about alternatives to NSAID medications like acetaminophen to relieve pain. Quit smoking. Drink alcohol in moderation, if at all. How long does it take an ulcer to heal? It generally takes several weeks of treatment for an ulcer to heal. Living With Will drinking milk help an ulcer? Is it safe to take antacids? What should ulcer patients eat? What questions should I ask my doctor?
How will I know if the H. How do we find out if the ulcer has healed? What can I do relieve symptoms at home during treatment?