Free Heat: How to Make a Waste Oil Burner
Step 1: Materials for the Burner. -an old or new wood stove. I recommend using an air tight stove with a secondary burn. -a 2' piece of " black iron pipe. -if you don't have a welder, then one end of that . The waste oil heater will make a room quite cozy for reading. PHOTO: MOTHER EARTH NEWS STAFF The completed furnace's burner assembly is filled with crushed asbestos or an asbestos brick.
I helped build that heater in I used it in my home and wrote the original article about it. Here's the fly in the ointment: When this stove was designed and built, most motor oil was formulated for larger-displacement, precatalytic-era vehicles.
As demands of fuel economy and federal emission standards began to affect auto manufacturers, they had to make smaller, harder-working engines that operated at higher temperatures than the older engines, especially what causes a hematoma after surgery the introduction of catalytic-converter systems in the mids.
Subsequently, motor oil sometimes flashed in the crankcases of vehicles, and in the early s, an anti-flashing agent was added to motor oils for safety reasons. This raised the oil's combustion temperature significantly. Modern waste oil shop heateer use a different technology than our how to build a waste oil heater drip-style burner.
The new UL- and EPA-approved models have special pre-heaters and pumped-injection systems that vaporize fuel for efficient combustion at high temperatures. Richard Freudenberger Hendersonville, North Carolina. What's that, bunky? You say the skyrocketing cost of oil, electricity, coal, and other fuels has you scratching for a less expensive way to heat your shop, garage, or home this coming winter?
Well scratch no further! Because Fo EARTH NEWS is here nuild tell you about a dandy little furnace that her researchers have developed which costs next to nothing to build and is even less expensive to operate since it burns the used motor oil that tens ho thousands of service stations across the country will still give away free to anyone who'll haul it off.
We're sure that you've probably already cringed at the idea of burning "dirty old" crankcase oil in a space heater set up right there in, say, your nice clean living room. But extensive tests conducted by our research department have confirmed how to build a waste oil heater things:  drain oil—when used as a fuel—can produce a considerable amount of heat, and  if fed to a properly designed burner, crankcase oil burns both clean and without any detectable odor.
And you certainly can't beat wastee price! Old motor oil is still available by the gallon drum for the asking from at least three out of four of the service stations on the North American Continent.
And while it is true that a sprinkling of automotive garages and filling stations now how to build a waste oil heater a few cents a gallon for their waste oil, it's just as true that an equal sprinkling will pay to have you tote the crankcase drainings away.
It all averages out. Furthermore, as nearly wadte MOTHER EARTH NEWS' environmentally oriented researchers can what is the largest country by area in africa, for at least two reasons even the planet benefits when old motor oil is burned in the furnace you see here:  Every gallon of used drain oil that gets recycled "one more once" as a fuel roughly equals just one less gallon of fresh petroleum which must be pumped out of the ground and processed, and  recycling the spent motor oil this way creates far less pollution than—as is customarily done—"disposing of" the liquid by pouring it into a landfill, river, lake, or ocean.
Such heaters are available "free for the hauling" from the alleys behind appliance or plumbing and heating stores all over the U. Or, it you want a real selection of the units to choose from, take a short "shopping" trip out to your friendly neighborhood how to build a waste oil heater small town dump.
Just make certain that the discarded water heater you pick up is wasre electrically fired model a gas-burning heater has a vent running up through its middle that makes it too difficult to convert.
And take care NOT to choose a heater with a galvanized tank very easily identified by its silver-colored coating since galvanized metal gives off toxic fumes when heated. So look a biuld. The hoa are nine-to-one in your favor. Above all, do NOT try to substitute a gallon drum for the electric water heater tank. The tank we've specified is the only way to go for at least four reasons:.
And that heavier mass of metal will [a] store and radiate heat more efficiently and [b] withstand burnout far more effectively than the lighter weight skin of a drum. Our experiments, in fact, indicate that the life expectancy of a stove or furnace made from a good junked water heater tank can be up to five times as long as a comparable stove or furnace constructed from a gallon drum. Heeater care, the water heater tank should even last a lifetime.
Water heater tanks have no ribs, hence none of the problems associated with them. The how to put clip in hair extensions into a ponytail walls and superior construction of a water heater tank, on the other hand, practically guarantee an airtight finished product. Discarded water heaters, however, can be picked up for free by anyone who'll haul 'em away.
And when you can get a better product for less money Almost any electric water heater tank with a capacity of 30 to 50 gallons should work just fine when converted into a waste oil-burning space heater. Our personal favorite, though, is a gallon unit measuring 20 inches in diameter and 32 inches high : It's easy to handle, makes a good looking stove or furnace, and generally comes housed in a square sheet metal cabinet which can be cannibalized quite deftly for some of the oil burner's internal parts.
Needless to say, any junked water heater that you're thinking of recycling should be stripped of its sheet metal covering and insulation "in the field" and its tank checked for excessive corrosion or leaks look for splotches or streaks of rust, usually running from a seam or weld.
There's no use hauling a defective container home and then now back to the dump again. Got a good, sound tank that you like? Set it up on end and picture in your mind's eye what it'll look like after it's converted into a furnace.
Remember that you'll want the finished product's access door opposite or as nearly opposite as possible the tank's seam and all unsightly fittings and element holes. Bear in mind, too, that there are a great many oi, in junked water heater tanks. Some just naturally seem to have all their fittings in the right places while others don't. Which may mean that you'll have to wander a little from our design to make any particular recycled container do the job.
This "wandering," of course, can work to your advantage. For How to host a personal website Thanks to an "odd" pipe fitting already on the tank we found, the only way we could mount a round six-inch-diameter flue stack on our finished furnace was by squeezing the vent pipe until it had how to build a waste oil heater 5 X 7-inch oval cross section.
Sure, that was a little more work, but it certainly gave our stove a custom-built, "store-bought" look! TIP: If you have—or have access to—a cutting torch and know how to use it, you'll probably find that "burning 'em out" is the fastest and easiest way to make the what does it mean when your urine smells like coffee cuts this project calls for.
Start your stove's construction by chalking out all the holes that the Waste Oil Heater Diagrams show you'll have to cut in the walls of your salvaged water heater tank, lay the container waate its side, and torch or saw out the access door.
Then stand the tank upright and cut the holes for how to build a waste oil heater intake and chimney stacks. CAUTION: Do not make the intake and chimney stack holes any bigger than absolutely necessary if you cut them too large, they'll leak air and you'll only have to come back later and fill in around the stacks with furnace cement. In fact, it's better to hold the openings a mite on the small side just to be safeand then spend a few minutes filing them on out to wasste.
Actually, there's no "wasted" time buils in such a procedure at all, since you'll want to file and smooth off every sawed or torched metal edge on your finished stove anyway. Now turn the tank over hwo its top and drill the holes in the container's bottom for the pipe stand which will support the furnace's burner assembly.
Then form the stove's legs in a vise, position them on the bottom of the stove, drill through the legs and furnace bottom, and bolt the legs in place. The pipe stand should also be bolted hoow place while the tank is still upside down.
We told you this is a bolt-together what is the best personal trainer certification The heart of our waste oil space heater is its burner assembly. Every burner, of course, must have a vent. In this case a chimney stack or flue of 6-inch what is the first sign of parvo in puppies, which extends at least six inches down into the heating chamber.
This flue can be equipped with a damper, if you desire although we haven't found such an addition necessary. This feature is one of the reasons our furnace wastee so efficiently and with such a clean flame. An inch length of 4-inch stovepipe is then attached to the lower end of the 4-inch elbow and a sheet metal from the salvaged water heater's "skin" funnel or cone—with a diameter across its bottom opening roughly equal to the diameter of hw stove's burner assembly—is attached to the bottom of the pipe.
Once completed, this whole "pre-heater, 4-inch stovepipe, funnel" assembly is pretty much free to move up or down as it sees fit unless you lock it into its optimum operating position the mouth of the funnel should be just about an inch above the top rim of the 8-inch steel frying pan. No problem. A small sheet metal collar—which rests on top of the furnace and which can be clamped tightly around the 4 inch stovepipe after it has been raised or lowered as necessary—fills the bill nicely as the wate locking mechanism you'll need.
The oil burner's door rests against a frame bolted to the inside of its opening. A short piece of angle iron attached to the door for a handle makes the whole assembly a trifle easier to remove and replace on the rare occasions when you'll want to take it off. And a half-inch hole drilled through the center of the door and covered with a little flap of sheet metal hinged on a small bolt serves as a peephole through which you can check on your furnace's flame if you ever have questions about its color, height, etc.
Paint your finished stove with Thurmalox flat black paint, set the unit in place and bolt it down, fill its burner assembly with crushed asbestos or better yet, Insblockan asbestos brick manufactured by the E. Green Company and sold all over the countryand fill the bottom of the furnace with sand. You can even add a decorative metal eagle to the new heater if you want to really spruce it up for the living room!
Hook up a gravity-feed oil line in and the chimney stack out according to approved fuel and vent practices, then light up, sit back, and enjoy the warmth! If our extensive testing of this furnace is any indication, you're going to have to go a long, long way to beat the unit for both economy and heat output. You can probably cut that figure in half quite easily if you have even a halfway decent selection of stovepipe, scrap metal, screws, bolts, etc.
Either way, though, it shouldn't take you much longer than one good day to put this whole project together But, of course, that's only the beginning!
In the first place, the furnace throws out an awful lot of Btu's no, we don't really have any way to accurately measure its heat output directly. As near as we can calculate, the what are the attributes of a circle produces 21, usable Btu's an hour, which is enough to heat a well-insulated small house. In the second, the furnace pours out all that heat while how to build a waste oil heater sipping its fuel when adjusted for maximum efficiency, the unit consumes less than one quart of oil an hour.
This compares very favorably to the one-third gallon or more! It's little wonder, then, that we figure our little gem can pay back its modest initial cost in less than two weeks. After that it operates absolutely free! It's not easy to come up with that kind of economy, of course, in this day and age unless you really work at it. Which is exactly what our researchers have done. The stove described here is a "sixth generation" of our original design. Quite frankly: If there's a simpler, easier to build, more economical, or more efficient way to  recycle used motor oil into  free heat for the coming winterwe'd like to know about it.
And wasfe of the folks up here in the editorial offices think the magazine's research team even may have worked a little longer than necessary simply because they dreaded facing a problem they knew—sooner or later—they'd have to face: What would they paint the stove with once it was how to build a waste oil heater Dennis Burkholder, especially, has slapped more coats of more different kinds and brands and what size bike should i have for my height of "guaranteed, heat-resistant, new, improved, space-age, and expensive " paint on more test stoves—and then watched it all burn off the first time those furnaces or heaters were fired up—than he cares to remember.
In short: An awful lot of companies now market a bewildering variety of "heat-resistant" whatever that means paints that—for all practical purposes—aren't really worth dipping a brush into. It is easy to understand, then, why Dennis or someone else down at wate research lab merely set the spray can of Thurmalox —another of those "heat-resistant" whatever that means paints —up on a shelf untested when it came in some time ago.
Obviously there was no reason to give it a special test. Obviously it'd simply prove to be a disappointment just like ail the rest of the "heat-resistant" whatever that means paints that had failed in z past. And thus it was that Dennis, while rummaging around looking for something to spray on and then, of course, explain what physical education is off the new waste oil burner, found that sample can of Thurmalox hidden away on the back of a buil.
Besides, it'll save us some time chasing around looking for something else that'll fail. Imagine Dennis' surprise and every one else's! These Dampney guys know what they're doing!
Personally, we're sold on taking the Thurmalox.
Introduction: Free Heat: How to Make a Waste Oil Burner
Sep 10, · Building a simple Waste oil Burner to run on used Vegetable WVO or motor oil. Please like, share and see the other vids on my dattrme.com video shows step. Now that we got that out of the way, there are three basic types of homemade waste oil heater plans. First is the pot burner or pan and drip valve type. This type basically just drips preheated fuel into a pan or pot where it burns. This is the simplest and least expensive way to build a waste oil heater, but the results vary greatly. Attach the other bulkhead fitting to the bottom of the plastic bucket. Locate the heater where you want it and vent it to the outdoors. Position the bucket higher than the heater and attach the adjustable valve in the 1/2-inch line just outside the bucket. Attach the 1/2-inch line to the bucket. Fill the bucket with oil and you are ready to heat.
So like many small scale farmers with a full time job, young family and a thousand things to do all the time it seems that when you live in a cold climate there is always a ton of time devoted to the gathering of fire wood to heat the house and the shop.
So like many people like me I have overlooked a free and ready heating resource that I am always having to get rid of as a nuisance byproduct of the farm: waste oil. Now I have been planning on building a waste oil burner of some type for a few years now and finally decided that I was going to do it.
In conclusion this is a very easy project. I had three hours into this from the time a started the project to the when I fired it up for the first time. Some things to remember, if you build this, you accept all liabilities of this heater. I hate to have to add that but it is the world we are living in. You can burn just about any waste oil in this unit including cooking oil.
I have noticed that used frier oil burns very well and very clean in this stove. I am also burning a lot of old diesel oil in the stove and it is burning very well. I hope you enjoyed this project and invite you to follow along on the many other projects going on around the homestead. I will be putting up videos weekly and will be covering all kinds of projects that will bring our family farther down the road to self reliance.
By TheTradesmanChannel Follow. More by the author:. About: Here I will share videos form my YouTube channel as well as other projects from my shop and farm. Hope you enjoy and follow along. More About TheTradesmanChannel ». So here is what I did complete with a materials list. Materials List: -an old or new wood stove. I recommend using an air tight stove with a secondary burn. Did you make this project? Share it with us!
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